Industrial Gases Selection Guide: Types, Features, Applications



Industrial gases consist of a large number of chemical products that are in a gaseous or liquid form at ambient temperature and are extensively used for industrial purposes. Industrial gases mainly comprise elements, molecular compounds, or mixtures. They exhibit unique properties and characteristics based on several crucial variables such as temperature, pressure, and volume. 


Oxygen, Nitrogen, carbon dioxide, helium, and hydrogen are a few examples of prominent gases extensively produced by industrial gas manufacturers for a wide range of commercial applications. On the other hand, prominent industrial gas suppliers also meet the demand for customized gases from large-scale industries such as Petrochemical, biotechnology, power plant, steel industry, and medicine. 


Gases that are of ultra-high purity are generally termed specialty gases. The notable application of specialty industrial gases can be found in analytical methods such as gas and liquid chromatography including in Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and non-dispersive infrared (NDIR). The specialty gases offered by industrial gas suppliers improve yields, optimize 

performance, and reduce the overall cost of pharmaceutical and electronics products. 



Oxygen manufactured by industrial gas manufacturers is a colorless, odorless gas that can be found in abundant amounts in nature from the atmosphere, water, rocks, to minerals. It is extracted from water by an electrolysis process and the air by fractional distillation. Oxygen is capable of combining with all elements except inert gasses. Industrial oxygen is used in industrial plants, especially for essential chemical reactions including combustion, oxidation, and other cutting operations. The application of oxygen can also be found in steelmaking and other metal refining, fabrication processes, chemical, pharmaceuticals, petroleum processing, glass, ceramic manufacture, pulp, and paper manufacture. 



Industrial gases such as Nitrogen are one of the most abundant elements of the plant. On top of that, it doesn’t react with other compounds in the air. A large-scale application of nitrogen can be found in form of liquid nitrogen. Liquid nitrogen is increasingly used by logistic companies to refrigerate food during long-distance transportation. Liquid nitrogen is also used for storing medical samples such as blood, viruses for vaccination, etc. It is also used as a cheaper alternative to argon in the production process of incandescent light bulbs. Literally, every drug class including antibiotics contains nitrogen in appropriate proportion. The mining industry uses nitrogen gas to extinguish fires by eliminating oxygen from the air. 



Argon is an odorless, colorless, inert gas obtained through the fractional distillation of liquid air. Argon is extensively used as a shielding gas for arc welding either in pure form or as a mixture. It is also utilized for joining several non-ferrous and ferrous alloys. Apart from that, argon offered by industry-specific industrial gas manufacturers helps improve thermal insulation in multi-plane windows. Excessive exposure to argon can lead to serious health problems such as asphyxiation – but by nature, angon is neither poisonous nor toxic. 


Alchemie Gases and Chemical Pvt. Ltd. is one of the best industrial gas suppliers and manufacturers in India that offers top-quality high purity gases and calibration gas mixtures. Additionally, we also provide gas sample analysis, cylinder hydro testing, gas system designing for labs, and training in gas handling. 

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